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We Are All In This Together

President’s Blog
October 13, 2014

 Credit Doug Mills/The New York Times

About two weeks ago, President Obama was on the Northwestern campus to speak about the economy and his current priorities for job opportunities, education, health care, environment and technology, and fiscal prudence. Even the excitement of a sitting President of the United States arriving on campus via helicopters flying in over the lake and landing out on the sports practice fields of NU not withstanding, to me, one of the most striking things President Obama said, in an almost offhanded way, was, “You know, we’re all in this together.” It was offered in the context of an allusion to the difficulty and rarity he has experienced of actually getting to sign a bill in to law with the agreement of both major political parties.  To my ears, “We are all in this together” is a less overtly theological version of Paul’s appeal to the metaphor of the body in I Corinthians 12:26, “If one member suffers, all suffer together with it; if one member is honored, all rejoice together with it” (NRSV). We really do need each other to get the job done and we need to value what each one can contribute.

It is ironic that the person who inhabits what is often referred to as the most powerful position in the world is reduced to saying that if he cannot get it done through the normal channels of constructive collaboration, then he will go it alone, undertaking another strategy of securing incremental change for the well-being of US citizens, especially those who do not enjoy a variety of adequate benefits.

At the Seminary, we have said for quite a number of years now that part of our mission is to prepare a certain kind of leader for ministry, but perhaps we do not sufficiently address the complex challenges that our “bold spiritual leaders” will face in the midst of difference and/or opposition. 

Just a few days ago, I had the privilege of hosting a lunch at the school for the Black United Methodist Pastors (BUMP) of the Northern Illinois Annual Conference. They took me up on the call for Garrett-Evangelical to renew and revitalize its relationship with the church and they came prepared and organized with questions, requests, and a proposal. The final agenda item in our conversation was to find a way to work together so that their voice would be represented in relevant decision-making at the seminary. And, we took immediate concrete steps to get that accomplished. 

I introduced our time together by saying that I understood my responsibility as President to be at least two-fold:  First, to squarely face the critique, criticism, and reality of who we are and who we are not, i.e., the ways in which we have failed and do not live up to our hopes and ideals. “All have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God” (Romans 3:23). I suggested perhaps all seminaries have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God. The second responsibility, as I understand it, is to hold before the community a vision and the goals to which we aspire, believing that the One who began a good work in us, will bring it to completion (Philippians 1:6). This is at least one of the tensions leaders live with and those of us in ministry are always negotiating this tension whether we have explicitly understood it as such or not. We are to face reality, model hope, and inspire - all at the same time.

There are those whose “calling” is to bring only the prophetic word of critique and in contrast, those who want only to look at how good we have been and the nobility of our aspirations. My operating assumption is that wisdom lies somewhere in-between in the realm of acknowledging the reality of our limitations and at the same time holding forth the hope that is ours – the gift of God to us in the human capacity to hope for things not yet seen.

In the end, President Obama’s comment is resonant for me with the familiar refrain of Paul’s “one body,” an understanding from the earliest days of the Christian faith. We are all in this together. To acknowledge this means to continue to work toward collaboration even when it seems untenable, while also being willing to work alone, if necessary, in order to make incremental change. And even if it is incremental change and not all that we might have hoped for, we proceed all the while with hope and trust that God will redeem our efforts and bring our efforts to good completion. 

I look forward to the work that Garrett-Evangelical and BUMP will do together and to its positive effects. I am always grateful for the collaborative, constructive and gracious spirit of those who seek common cause with others who also share the vision.  

Our Human Limitation

President’s Blog
September 17, 2014

Love our enemiesI have been reflecting for the last number of weeks on our human capacity for anger, a common emotion provoked by many things. It may be one of the most difficult emotional experiences with which we have to deal and there are varying ways of handling it. Some of us are more regulated with anger than others. Some of us are at the mercy of what it does to us. Some quietly simmer; some seethe; some blow up; some express anger indirectly; some hearts become hardened and embittered; and some try to deal more directly with it in as constructive a way as possible, finally letting it go and moving on.

At base, it seems to me that most anger is finally about fear, or feeling wounded. Or a sense of helplessness, and maybe feeling “righteous” indignation - though I suspect that even below righteous indignation, there is some more fundamental feeling of helplessness, “How can such a thing be?”

On August 9, in Ferguson, Missouri, Michael Brown, an 18 year old unarmed black teenager was shot and killed by Darren Wilson, a white 28 year old police officer. The event spawned an outbreak of anger and rage for the unjust and violent loss of yet another young black person. There was anger and rage all around - emotions that were and continue to be expressed in many ways: through protests, further violence, looting, blogs, sermons, lamentation and prayer, railing at God, and social justice action.

As Christians, we wonder where God is in all this and what role our faith plays in such circumstances. These are especially difficult questions when we are overwhelmed by our own feelings of anger and rage, helplessness and fear. Recent sermons I have listened to include a confession of struggle with the temptation to return violence for violence. One preacher indicated it was a good thing she had no gun for she knew she would not be able to control herself if provoked in a certain way. In a discussion about the lack of empathy for the victims, another preacher left us with the question, “How do we not become like them?”

I believe our faith tells us exactly how we do not become like the enemy – we are to love the enemy, to return no evil for evil, and, ultimately to love even this neighbor. Another way of saying it is that we should have as much empathy for the perpetrator as for the victim. But none of us really wants to hear that in the midst of this kind of violence and injustice where there is tragic, profound loss and hurt. 

Perhaps, this ultimate love of neighbor is only an ideal toward which we are called to strive. Perhaps, it is an impossible requirement for human beings to embody, a  casualty of our fallen condition and our frailty. Freud may have been right when he observed in Civilization and its Discontents (1930) that we have a basic predisposition toward violence and aggression and the only reason we do not simply give in to a “free for all” is that civilization and the possibility of living in community requires we manage ourselves - both in terms of our sexual desires and in terms of our aggressive inclinations. We are just self interested enough to comply with society’s prohibitions lest violence come to us.

I was recently reminded of a clip from the 1982 film “Gandhi.” In it, Gandhi offers a “way out of hell” to a young Hindu man who has suffered the murder of his son at the hands of Muslims. You can watch it here.

Yes, we could dismiss it as Hollywood imagination, but is not the instruction of Gandhi to this tortured soul no less challenging than the commandment that we should love our neighbor as we love ourselves? I know it is too easy to simply speak about this high standard. It is quite another to be able to approach embodiment of the commandment in circumstances where our children have been murdered.  And yet . . . this is the answer we receive from our Lord. 

Howard Thurman spent time with Gandhi talking about the experience of racial violence in the United States.  As a black man, his reflection below is even more poignant.

Is my enemy God’s child? If he is, I must work upon myself until I am willing to bring him back into the family. Does God love him? It doesn’t help me any to say, I am not God. That would be convenient but irrelevant. If God loves him, that binds me. Can it be that God does not know how terrible he is? No, God knows him as well as he knows himself and much better than I know him. It must be true, then, that there is something in every man that remains intact, inviolate, regardless of what he does… If a man is of infinite worth in the sight of God, whether he is saint or sinner, whether he is a good man or a bad man, evil or not, if that is true, then I am never relieved of my responsibility for trying to make contact with this worthy thing in him. I must love him because God causes the sun to shine upon him as well as upon me (The Growing Edge, 1956, p.18)

Finally, in discussing the matter of empathy for one’s enemy, a colleague spontaneously responded, “But it is so-o-o-o hard.” Her quick assessment captured the dilemma we face as limited human beings. We are inescapably self interested and given to intense emotions that  we are all, to one extent or another, ill-equipped to handle. There is no easy path forward, but there is nonetheless a standard to which Christians are called, a commandment to which we are held accountable. In the words of Thurman, “I am never relieved of my responsibility . . .

Doesn’t my Lord see all this?

President’s Blog
August 10, 2014

Doesn’t my Lord see all this? (Lamentations 3:36)

Early in the morning on July 18, 2014, I went to the curb to pick up the New York Times and saw the first photo showcased below. I was profoundly sickened and I have been haunted by it ever since.

My children are destroyed because the enemy was so strong (Lamentations 1:14)

 NYTimes headline

 Four brothers playing on a beach when a missile strike killed them.


israeli teenagers

Three Israeli teenagers who, while hitch hiking in the West Bank, were picked up on June 10, 2014, shot and then their bodies were burned in a car that was abandoned and found later.


On July 20, 2014, a photo appeared of a medical examiner weeping in his morgue surrounded by the bodies of little children wrapped in various bags and cloths, children who were the casualties of war where there is suffering on both sides of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict - a seemingly irreconcilable conflict.

 rikers island

At Rikers Island in New York, a culture of violence and bullying goes virtually unchallenged. Officers in charge of incarcerated adolescent boys have long been accused of unwarranted physical abuse and of covering each other’s backs with no accountability. Fear of reprisal has lead to unrestrained sadistic practices. We learned last week from an investigation that recent charges were dismissed – the testimony was inconsistent and contradictory.

 south korea

South Korean soldiers, over the period of a month, repeatedly beat 20-year old Private First Class Yoon until he died on April 6, 2014. The soldiers sought to toughen him up along with other young male soldiers so that they could more effectively engage (read “kill”) North Korean soldiers.


The nations said, “They can’t stay here any more . . .” (Lamentations 4:15)

 migrant children

Migrant children were flown to Arizona from Texas and Georgia, May 28, 2014. They are pouring into our southern borders, coming alone and coming with relatives who have been sent to what their loved ones in Mexico and Central America hope will be a better future.


Women have been raped . . . Your hurt is as vast as the sea.  Who can heal you?  (Lamentations 2:13; 5:11) 

 father weeping

On May 29, 2014, a father in Utter Pradesh weeps upon learning that his daughter and niece (ages 14 and 15) have been gang raped and hung up in mango trees after they went out into the fields one evening, with no other sanitation option, to use “the bathroom.” He is comforted by his mother.


I call on your name, Lord, from the depth of the pit.  Hear my voice.  (Lamentations 3:55)

 malaysian airlines

On July 17, 2014, Malaysian Airlines 17 was shot down by “terrorists” over Ukraine near the Russian border because it was believed that spies were on board. The plane was carrying a brain trust of HIV/AIDS scientists from Amsterdam headed to a scientific conference in Kuala Lumpur.


People wander blindly in the streets polluted with blood. (Lamentations 4:14)

 goose island shooting

On August 6, 2014, four men were wounded during the wee hours of the morning in a shooting at Goose Island Night Club. The gun violence in Chicago is rampant.

We are driven to lamentation.

There are unending daily photos and stories that depict all manner of human violence. They are always with us, but these weeks in particular have left me deeply stunned, again, at our inhumanity to each other, an inhumanity that simply does not remit. Please forgive me, my Wesleyan Arminian friends, when I say, “Calvin’s theology of total depravity takes on renewed meaning.”

The world is entirely DESPERATE for servant leadership, for prophetic voice, and for those who can recruit others to care for the least of these and who can advocate for justice and peace. Garrett-Evangelical and its graduates must participate in responding to the needs of the world and those who are right before us in our local communities. As public theologians we can work for the wellbeing of all and we can bring a word of Good News – even when it feels we are shoveling sand against the tide.    

For this moment, let us lament and plead together with the author of Lamentations,  “Return us, Lord, to yourself” (Lamentations 5:21), please.

All People Are Of Sacred Worth

President's Blog
July 15, 2014

DSC 0430¶ 4. Article IV. Inclusiveness of the Church:
The United Methodist Church acknowledges that all persons are of sacred worth . . .”  The Book of Discipline of the United Methodist Church, 2012.

“You are one body and one spirit, just as God also called you in one hope. There is one Lord, one faith, one baptism . . .”  (Ephesians 4:4-5, CEB)

I have never forgotten an experience I had 15 years ago now when Neal Fisher was still President of the seminary. At that time, each year we brought a group of prospective students to the campus for a couple of days to meet the faculty, to meet current students, to be interviewed by faculty members, and to begin to develop relationships with each other. These were students who already had been admitted, but who not yet decided if they would attend Garrett-Evangelical. They were also students with very high undergraduate GPA’s, demonstrated outstanding leadership qualities, and who were being courted by other top tier schools.

Our schedule typically included a faculty panel after dinner one evening. I was on the panel one of those evenings – a panel moderated by President Fisher with four or five other faculty colleagues. At one point, a student asked how we would characterize the seminary, “Is Garrett-Evangelical a conservative or a liberal school?” I knew the panel consisted of faculty members who spanned a spectrum of theological perspectives. Within about five seconds, our body language became very telling. We began to sit back in our chairs looking down and away, no one of us eager to respond. For to claim the school one way or the other would also mean taking the risk of turning away at least some students whom we wanted to recruit, not to mention our reticence to take responsibility for characterizing the legacy and complexity of our school in such a flat-footed way. 

President Fisher sat forward. Clearly, he would answer the question – thank the good Lord! He said something to this effect, “God has given us minds, and at Garrett-Evangelical we believe that nothing we can learn about the world around us, and nothing we can learn about who and how we are as human beings, about our sacred scriptures, none of this truth will take us away from the Truth of God.” His point being that neither “conservative” nor “liberal” labels did justice to what we were engaged in at the seminary. I tell you this story, because I am inviting you into my thinking, periodically, over the next year regarding the very challenging issue of human sexuality and our United Methodist struggle with it.

As I said in my inaugural address, I believe that Garrett-Evangelical can (and should!) do much better than the minimal, non-discriminating statement on sexual orientation we issued in 1997. I also indicated it was my intention for our Garrett-Evangelical community to engage a year long conversation – longer, if needed – to consider the role of the seminary in these matters and to see if we might be able to come to a more substantive understanding toward the end of radical hospitality, love of neighbor, and perhaps more deeply embodying the meaning of being a servant seminary. I am currently engaged in finding a person(s) to help facilitate this process. There is so much to say and to consider! 

I want to call us to a kind of openness with each other and openness to a new consideration of this critically important issue for the church. United Methodists (UM) have formally struggled with this for more than 40 years. Many fear the possibility of a denominational schism and many are despairing. We often call to memory the split we suffered over race for nearly a century until 1939 and our delay until 1956 in ordaining women as elders. We caution ourselves to learn from history and not to make a similar mistake again.

blogpicWe watch as our other protestant denominations have taken on and resolved their thinking about ordination of the LGBTQ “practicing and self-avowed persons,” about marriage equality, and same-sex-unions. Just this week, I have been in communication with two congregations in the Northern Illinois Conference who are now undertaking consideration of the use of their facilities for marriage ceremonies and same-sex unions. Bishops are beginning to go on record with their intention not to bring clergy to trial for these acts of disciplinary disobedience. I believe the seminary has responsibility to be a resource to the denomination in its struggles, as well as a responsibility to be clear about how we engage these concerns in the educational and formational tasks we have undertaken as our mission.

Obviously, Scripture is a foundational element for us, notwithstanding our additional quadrilateral commitments to experience, tradition, and reason. I am aware of the “7 scriptural references” to homosexuality in the Bible, and I am also aware there is no escaping ourselves in the effort to discern true meaning(s) of various passages. Many of us read the Bible from a “canon within the canon” approach. We appeal to a biblical perspective, a verse, or a commandment to provide the lens against which we measure and interpret other parts of the Bible. The anxiety and discomfort we may feel, and the inchoate concern we have about different sexual practices is often expressed in reluctance to address these matters more openly and freely. Sometimes we manage our discomfort (unawares) by appealing to the Bible and by concluding, “The Bible says . . . about . . .” This seems to settle it for us. We can feel not only morally right, but we can also avoid the great discomfort of dealing with the differences in others that beset us. All of this is to say, that in our attempts to find a path forward, we are up against an extremely powerful and sometimes frightening dimension of our human experience.

The conversation will continue in the months to come.  We will be in touch with you about your thoughts, but for now, thank you for accompanying me on the journey.

The Frontline of Changing Religious Practices

President’s Blog
July 5, 2014

During the last several weeks, I have continued to find myself thinking about the seminary’s relationship to the church – to The United Methodist Church for sure, but also to the church at large.  I am thinking about this in the context of Garrett-Evangelical becoming more of a servant seminary. How can we be of service to the church and to the community around us?  How may we be of service to our alums who are faithfully engaging their ministries? And, how might we embody a servant attitude toward each other within our own Garrett-Evangelical community? The general answer is to be true to our mission to prepare excellent leaders. But, there is a deeper current to be considered, as well – one that lies in the fundamental attitude with which we approach our task. Specifically, I have in mind a kind of “epistemological humility,” that is, a kind of humility about how we know what we know and about the places and persons from whence our learning may come.

I repeat myself here by saying that sometimes we at the seminary tend to assume a prophetic stance toward the church, as if we know better what the church needs than the church knows for itself.  Do not misunderstand me. I am absolutely clear the seminary brings many gifts to the church, an extremely important one of which is the gift of learning and research. We can and do offer up our intellectual efforts for the benefit of the church (though sometimes we could be more user friendly in making the necessary translation from academy to church). And, there are many other gifts, too.  But for the moment, I’d like to focus on the gifts of the church to us at the seminary.

You will soon see in the president’s column for the next issue of AWARE an observation made by the executive director of the Association of Theological Schools, Dan Aleshire, at our Biennial meeting in Pittsburgh last week. He emphasized that congregations are on the frontline of changing religious practices and that as such, there are definitely some things we could learn from the church’s experience. I think we could begin by being open to a prophetic word from the church to the seminary, rather than proceeding immediately with a critical analysis about how those practices are somehow not “correct.” These new practices may be meeting the spiritual needs of persons in those communities. They may have emerged from the Spirit moving in those places. And, the Wisdom of “many gifts; one spirit” may well be at work. Since we are committing ourselves to a renewed collaboration with the church, (not to mention a curriculum revision), why not begin our servant leadership by taking a position of listening with an expectation that we might actually learn something from the church? Why not begin with openness to being changed by what we hear and by what we may come to know in a new way? 

The fact is that many of our own students are coming out of these churches and college ministry programs with substantive experience, for example, in creative worship. As reported to you earlier here, I unexpectedly happened upon an expression of this with a “flash mob” worship moment in the front lobby of the seminary a couple of months ago – the power of its simplicity and surprise still amazes me: singing, praying, and listening to the Word of God.  

Maple Park UMC Chicago Crop 




Maple Park United Methodist Church
in Chicago, Illinois. Maple Park UMC
is one of our newest SBC21 partners.

And, we are already learning a lot from a recent survey of our community regarding current religious life practices at the school. More to come on the results of that in the fall, but first and foremost, there is a strong desire for Garrett-Evangelical to be a more of worshipping community. An initial read also produces a clear call for more student leadership, for more contemporary music and worship style, for great guest and student preaching and for an integration of global/cultural diversity in music and style across the board. Perhaps, we really could learn something from the church about what constitutes compelling worship – even in the midst of the complexities we have to deal with in providing formational education. Congregations engaged in multicultural and contemporary worship surround us in the Chicago area. And, we are grateful for the teaching and research that Dr. Ruth Duck has engaged in these congregations over the years. What more might we learn from these worshiping communities?

We are excited about our partnership with the Northern Illinois Conference in Field Education assignments, in urban ministry initiatives, in educating and training Hispanic/Latino/a persons for ministry leadership, and in the “Strengthening the Black Church for the 21st Century” (SBC21) program. The reciprocal interaction of gifts given from the church to the seminary and gifts given from the seminary to the church is the beginning of true collaboration in which both communities grow in faith and develop a deeper understanding of God’s call to service. I believe we are well on the road to renewing lively work together, and not a moment too soon!



UMC Logo Garrett-Evangelical, a seminary related to
The United Methodist Church, welcomes
students from a wide range of faith traditions.